Effects of innovated flashcard drills in the mastery of multiplication facts among the grade 3 pupils of the University of Baguio Laboratory Elementary School

Junalyn Canuto-Penrad
Faculty, University of Baguio Laboratory Elementary School
University of Baguio, Baguio City Philippines
Email: junalynpenrad@e.ubaguio.edu

Abstract
Mathematics is one of the subjects being ranked the lowest when it comes to assessment for quality primary education. As a teacher, the researcher has realized that Math should not be taken for granted, so it should be mastered as early as possible, particularly at the primary level. Having mastery or fluency of basic math operations will give the learners building blocks for higher-level math concepts. Therefore, this action research was conducted to determine the effectiveness of an innovative drill, which involves flashcard drills in the mastery of basic multiplication facts. The two sections of grade 3 pupils of the University of Baguio Laboratory Elementary School were the participants. The experiment used two different strategies in using the flashcards as a drill for the mastery of basic multiplication facts. A downloaded 100 item multiplication facts were used to research in determining the scores the pupils on their pretest and posttest. The study utilized the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to compute the mean, standard deviation, and t-test to test the hypotheses at the 0.05 level of significance. The results indicated that there is no significant difference between the way of the difference of the scores in the pretest and posttest of grade 3 pupils in the mastery of basic multiplication facts using the innovated and traditional flashcard drill. Therefore, it could be concluded that sometimes, the conventional flashcard drill method is still a worthwhile teaching strategy, especially in math. They were using flashcard drills, whether the traditional or the innovative way, the learners will enjoy mastering their basic multiplication facts. Flashcard drill should be a part of the strategies of teachers in the mastery of basic multiplication facts. The result of the study will be shared with the participants. Likewise, the innovative way of flashcard drills used in this study will be shared with the researcher’s colleagues.


Keywords: mastery, multiplication, traditional, innovated flashcard, pupils