Waste management of Baguio City as disaster mitigation

Silvestre B. Tuazon and Donnavila Marie B. Panday, PhD

Graduate School


A sustainable environment is one of the concerns of many states; thus, the creation of laws, frameworks, and standards to address the issue. In the Philippines, there exists the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act or RA 9003, the basis of this research. This encouraged a further investigation of the provisions of whether they are present and implemented in different districts of Baguio City. The study identified the level of implementation of the comprehensive solid waste management and disaster mitigation measures in the districts. From the population of 344,781 Baguio residents, a sample size of 400 was drawn using the Slovin’s Formula. Analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis test were used in the study to determine the level of implementation of the solid waste management across the districts, and to determine if significant difference among the different districts is present. The findings show that there is a significant difference among the districts. Moreover, the city is limited to waste diversion and conversion because it has fewer materials recovery facilities. Junk shops present in the city have less capacity for the generated waste. Ecological Solid Waste Management is much implemented, and most of the programs of the city are adopted at the district level. The observation of the collection schedule, and disposal of garbage at the designated area are very much implemented.

Keywords: Implementation, Solid waste management, Disaster mitigation, District, Indicator