Integration of environmental sustainability themes in science curriculum

Thea P. Suaco, MS BIO

Graduate School


The mounting land degradation caused by human activities, which threatens nearly two-fifths of mankind, species extinction, and severe climate change, has prompted a growing and serious need to intensify environmental education in schools worldwide. This study aims to discuss the philosophical and historical underpinnings and the models and themes encompassing environmental sustainability. This study is significant because it intends to inspire our students to be forerunners of positive change in their conduct toward the environment and teach them how to tackle environmental problems critically. This study used a qualitative research design, specifically a historical model. Documents were obtained from already published papers and websites. They were chosen because of their importance and value in providing the data needed for the investigation. A detailed selection was produced after rigorous reading and coding. The items were assessed by assigning codes to them and looking for common themes across the paper. Results show that the call to incorporate environmental sustainability concerns into education has its roots in naturalistic philosophy. Due to the worsening degradation of Mother Earth caused by human activities, numerous international laws, constitutional mandates, and sustainable development models support it. It is critical to enlist the assistance of the educational community in developing a curriculum that will raise student awareness and deepen their fundamental grasp of how the earth and all of its systems work and interact. Ensuring that these topics are included in the curriculum will help kids become better environmental stewards.

Keywords: environment, sustainability, curriculum, qualitative, education