Og-Ogbo: An indigenous sense of community in Lagawa, Bauko, Mountain Province

Beverly B. Laltoog1 and Dr. Aida A. Dapiawen2

1Faculty, School of Teacher Education and Liberal Arts
University of Baguio, Baguio City, Philippines
Email: beverlylaltoog@e.ubaguio.edu
2Dean, of School of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences
ORCID ID: University of Baguio, Baguio City, Philippines


This qualitative-descriptive research anchored on the Functionalist sociological theory was conducted in Lagawa, Bauko Mountain Province. It described the practice of “Og-ogbo” among the different social categories of people. Key-informant interviews and Focus Group Discussion were used. The study revealed that the locals practice og-ogbo in their agricultural activities, house construction; special occasions, community events, in case of death, calamities and when needs arise. Interestingly, the different social categories of people practice og-ogbo differently, the Anap-o practice og-ogbo through Agag”, mankidap or mangebngeb, share bountiful harvest to the community through “Bayas”, practice of Pakde and Ngilin while the amam-a /inin-a practice og-ogbo in various agricultural activities, rendition of service during house construction, caterer for the celebrants during special occasions, sharing of crops to the community, ou/uu in case of death, and donating to the victims during calamities. The mumuyang practice og-ogbo through rendition of services during events and collecting the ou. The babaros and babalasang practice og-ogbo through their minimal participation in the activities of the older members, and voluntarily helping their neighbors in various activities. Interestingly, one of the enduring issues seen to challenge the og-ogbo is the introduction of money and modernization of society. Above all, og-obo as a sense of community unites the community and it is positively viewed as a duty and a responsibility rather than a burden through their community concept of “urnos di mangili”.

Keywords: Sense of Community; Indigenous Knowledge, Functionalist; Bayanihan; cooperative work

August 31, 2022
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